However, the same provision also implicitly states that a president's successor who has not served for more than four years can still seek a full term for the presidency. Although Arroyo fell under this category, she initially announced on December 30, that she would not seek the presidency in She emphasized that she would devote her remaining months in office to serving the people and improving the economy of the Philippines. In October , Arroyo changed her mind and announced that she would contest the May presidential elections and seek a direct mandate from the people.
She explained, "There is a higher cause to change society With her decision, the initial criticisms hurled against Arroyo centered on her lack of word of honor.
As predicted by SWS exit polls, Arroyo won the election by a margin of over one million votes against Poe.
However, the congressional canvassing was quite contentious as opposition lawmakers in the National Board of Canvassers argued that there were many discrepancies in the election returns and that insinuations of cheating were raised. On June 23, , Congress proclaimed Arroyo and Noli de Castro as president and vice president, respectively. On June 30, , in a break with tradition, Arroyo first delivered her inaugural speech at the Quirino Grandstand in Manila.
She then departed for Cebu City for her oath taking, the first time that a Philippine president took the oath of office outside of Luzon. Allegations of cheating against Arroyo gained momentum one year after the May elections. According to Ong, the recordings allegedly proved that Arroyo ordered the rigging of the national elections for her to win by around one million votes against Poe. The recordings of Ong became known as the Hello Garci controversy and triggered massive protests against Arroyo.
Key members of her cabinet resigned from their respective posts and urged Arroyo to do the same. She, however, denied influencing the outcome of the elections and declared that she won the elections fairly. Arroyo did not resign despite the pressures coming from various sectors of society. The Hello Garci controversy became the basis of the impeachment case filed against Arroyo in Attempts to impeach Arroyo failed later that year.
Another impeachment case was filed against Arroyo in but was also defeated at the House of Representatives. In October , lawyer Alan Paguia filed an impeachment complaint against Arroyo in connection with the issue of bribery. The impeachment case, as of the middle of October , has already been referred to the House of Representatives Committee on Justice. State of Emergency[ edit ] Main article: Danilo Lim and other rightist military adventurists.
General Lim and some of his men were arrested. To face the threat posed by enemies of the state, Arroyo issued Presidential Proclamation PP and used it as basis in declaring a state of emergency throughout the Philippines. According to Arroyo, this declaration was done to quell the military rebellion, stop lawless violence, and promote peace and stability.
PP also empowered the government to enforce warrantless arrests and take over strategic private utilities companies. On February 25, , the police raided the office of the Daily Tribune, a newspaper known as a critic of the Arroyo administration. The government then issued a journalism guidelines to address the threat posed by critics in the media.
Presidential Management Staff chief Michael Defensor said that the guidelines were necessary in order to cope with the emergency situation. The state of emergency existed for about one week with the purpose of curbing further violence, illegal rallies, and public disturbance throughout the Philippines. Aside from General Lim, prominent personalities were also arrested in connection with their alleged participation in the attempt to overthrow the government. Among those arrested were: On May 4, the high court declared the proclamation constitutional.
However, it also said that it was illegal for the government to implement warrantless arrests and seize private institutions and companies.
Charter Change[ edit ] Arroyo currently spearheads a controversial plan for an overhaul of the constitution to transform the present unitary and presidential republic with a bicameral legislature into a federal parliamentary government with a unicameral legislature.
Bush , May 19, Main article: Annual economic growth in the Philippines averaged 4. A controversial expanded value added tax e-VAT law, considered the centerpiece of the Arroyo administration's economic reform agenda, was implemented in November , aiming to complement revenue-raising efforts that could plug the country's large budget deficit. The tax measure boosted confidence in the government's fiscal capacity and helped to strengthen the Philippine peso , making it East Asia's best performing currency in — President Arroyo with U.
Secretary of State Hillary Clinton , February 17,