Morgan ,  Christopher Morgan ,  and Edward B. We do not believe that everything in Society is either exactly right or exactly wrong;—what is good we desire to preserve and improve;—what is evil, to exterminate, or reform. In , the newspaper started a western division, The Times of California, which arrived whenever a mail boat from New York docked in California. However, the effort failed once local California newspapers came into prominence.
The hyphen in the city name was dropped on December 1, One of the earliest public controversies it was involved with was the Mortara Affair , the subject of twenty editorials in the Times alone. The riots, sparked by the beginning of drafting for the Union Army , began on July 13, On " Newspaper Row ", across from City Hall , Henry Raymond stopped the rioters with Gatling guns , early machine guns, one of which he manned himself.
The mob diverted, instead attacking the headquarters of abolitionist publisher Horace Greeley 's New York Tribune until being forced to flee by the Brooklyn City Police , who had crossed the East River to help the Manhattan authorities. The slogan has appeared in the paper since September ,  and has been printed in a box in the upper left hand corner of the front page since early In , during the Republican National Convention , a "4 A. Airplane Edition" was sent to Chicago by plane, so it could be in the hands of convention delegates by evening.
The crossword began appearing regularly in , and the fashion section first appeared in The New York Times began an international edition in Dryfoos died in ,  and was succeeded as publisher  by his brother-in-law, Arthur Ochs "Punch" Sulzberger , who led the Times until , and continued the expansion of the paper.
New York Times Co. Sullivan The paper's involvement in a libel case helped bring one of the key United States Supreme Court decisions supporting freedom of the press , New York Times Co. In it, the United States Supreme Court established the " actual malice " standard for press reports about public officials or public figures to be considered defamatory or libelous. The malice standard requires the plaintiff in a defamation or libel case prove the publisher of the statement knew the statement was false or acted in reckless disregard of its truth or falsity.
Because of the high burden of proof on the plaintiff, and difficulty in proving malicious intent, such cases by public figures rarely succeed. The New York Times began publishing excerpts as a series of articles on June Controversy and lawsuits followed. The papers revealed, among other things, that the government had deliberately expanded its role in the war by conducting air strikes over Laos , raids along the coast of North Vietnam , and offensive actions taken by U. Marines well before the public was told about the actions, all while President Lyndon B.
Johnson had been promising not to expand the war. The document increased the credibility gap for the U. His words to National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger included "People have gotta be put to the torch for this sort of thing The newspaper appealed and the case began working through the court system.
On June 18, , The Washington Post began publishing its own series. Ben Bagdikian , a Post editor, had obtained portions of the papers from Ellsberg. That day the Post received a call from the Assistant Attorney General, William Rehnquist , asking them to stop publishing. When the Post refused, the U.
Justice Department sought another injunction. District court judge refused, and the government appealed. On June 26, , the U. United States , U. On June 30, , the Supreme Court held in a 6—3 decision that the injunctions were unconstitutional prior restraints and that the government had not met the burden of proof required. The justices wrote nine separate opinions, disagreeing on significant substantive issues. While it was generally seen as a victory for those who claim the First Amendment enshrines an absolute right to free speech , many felt it a lukewarm victory, offering little protection for future publishers when claims of national security were at stake.
Many criticized the move for betraying the paper's mission. The overall page width stayed the same, with each column becoming wider. You can help by adding to it. May The New York Times switched to a digital production process sometime before , but only began preserving the resulting digital text that year. The presses used by The New York Times allow four sections to be printed simultaneously; as the paper had included more than four sections all days except Saturday, the sections had to be printed separately in an early press run and collated together.
The New York Times' announcement stated that the number of news pages and employee positions will remain unchanged, with the paper realizing cost savings by cutting overtime expenses. Beginning October 16, , a two-page "Bay Area" insert was added to copies of the Northern California edition on Fridays and Sundays.
The newspaper commenced production of a similar Friday and Sunday insert to the Chicago edition on November 20, The inserts consist of local news, policy, sports, and culture pieces, usually supported by local advertisements.
Following industry trends, its weekday circulation had fallen in to fewer than one million. The Federal Bureau of Investigation was reportedly investigating the attacks. The cyber security breaches have been described as possibly being related to cyberattacks that targeted other institutions, such as the Democratic National Committee.
In , it moved to Nassau Street, and in to 41 Park Row , making it the first newspaper in New York City housed in a building built specifically for its use. The newspaper's first general woman reporter was Jane Grant , who described her experience afterwards. She wrote, "In the beginning I was charged not to reveal the fact that a female had been hired". Other reporters nicknamed her Fluff and she was subjected to considerable hazing.
Because of her gender , promotions were out of the question, according to the then-managing editor. She was there for fifteen years, interrupted by World War I.
Even those who witnessed her in action were unable to explain how she got the interviews she did. She never had to grovel for an appointment. When women were eventually allowed in to hear the speeches, they still were not allowed to ask the speakers questions, although men were allowed and did ask, even though some of the women had won Pulitzer Prizes for prior work. She chose a difficult subject, an offensive subject.
Her imagery was strong enough to revolt you. Within 10 days, the FTC responded that it was not. Over 8, entries were submitted. Class A shareholders are permitted restrictive voting rights while Class B shareholders are allowed open voting rights.
The Ochs-Sulzberger family trust controls roughly 88 percent of the company's class B shares. Any alteration to the dual-class structure must be ratified by six of eight directors who sit on the board of the Ochs-Sulzberger family trust.
The Trust board members are Daniel H. Dryfoos, Michael Golden, Eric M. Arthur Sulzberger routinely wrote memos to his editor, each containing suggestions, instructions, complaints, and orders. When Catledge would receive these memos he would erase the publisher's identity before passing them to his subordinates. Catledge thought that if he removed the publisher's name from the memos it would protect reporters from feeling pressured by the owner.
Brisbane — , Margaret Sullivan — served a four-year term , and Elizabeth Spayd — In , the Times eliminated the position of public editor. A review of a concert by punk band Fucked Up , for example, completely avoided mention of the group's name. Times politics editor Carolyn Ryan said: The typefaces used for the headlines are custom variations of Cheltenham. The running text is set at 8. In , the New York Times began an inclusion project to add more 'overlooked' women to its ongoing Obituary column.
Includes Editorials , Op-eds and Letters to the Editor. Some sections, such as Metro, are only found in the editions of the paper distributed in the New York—New Jersey—Connecticut Tri-state area and not in the national or Washington, D. Its printed weekday circulation dropped by 50 percent to , copies from to